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Basics of photography

The Exposure Triangle

Many have asked me “How do you get started with Wildlife Photography?”

Before anything you need to get introduced with the basics of photography.

Photography can be a fun and rewarding hobby, and getting started is relatively simple. Here are some basics to help you get started:

Understand your camera: Whether you have a basic point-and-shoot camera or a more advanced DSLR or Mirrorless, take some time to read the manual and learn about the different settings and features. This will help you take better photos and understand how to adjust your camera for different lighting and situations.

Master exposure: Exposure refers to the amount of light that enters the camera and determines how bright or dark your photos are. There are three main components of exposure: aperture, shutter speed, and ISO. Aperture controls how much light enters the lens, shutter speed determines how long the shutter stays open, and ISO determines the sensitivity of the camera's sensor to light. Experiment with different combinations of these settings to achieve the desired exposure.

Focus on composition: Composition refers to how you arrange the elements within your frame. Some basic composition guidelines include the rule of thirds (where you imagine a grid on your image and place the subject on one of the intersection points), leading lines (using lines within the frame to guide the viewer's eye), and framing (using elements within the scene to create a frame around the subject).

Experiment with lighting: Lighting is a crucial element in photography and can drastically change the mood and feel of your photos. Try shooting at different times of day to capture different types of light, or experiment with using artificial lighting sources like lamps or flashes.

Practice, practice, practice: The best way to improve your photography skills is to take lots of photos and learn from your mistakes. Experiment with different settings, subjects, and compositions, and don't be afraid to try new things.

Remember that photography is a creative art form, and there are no strict rules that you must follow. These are just some basic guidelines to get you started, but feel free to experiment and find your own style.

Once you get familiar with the basics, we are ready to talk about Wildlife Photography.


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